Several Houston business leaders and philanthropists made their way onto Forbes' newly-released America's 50 Top Givers list, further solidifying the city as one of the most philanthropic in the nation.
Taking the No. 12 slot, John and Laura Arnold lead the pack of local billionaires with more than $204 million in 2012 charitable donations. The former Enron wunderkind and his wife made national headlines during October's government shutdown when they pledged $10 million to reopen federally-funded Head Start services.
Arnold left energy trading for philanthropic work and the couple gave away 7.2 percent of their total wealth last year. The hefty percentage of giving places them among "top givers" like duty free magnate Chuck Feeney and hotelier William Barron Hilton, who respectively donated 15 and 10 percent of their wealth in 2012.
Houston Texans owner Robert McNair and his wife Janice landed at No. 29 with $50.3 million in giving, while noted energy CEO Richard Kinder and his wife Nancy donated $23.6 million to earn themselves the No. 50 slot.
Woodlands founder and fracking legend George Mitchell, who died age 94 in July, gave nearly $40 million in charitable donations during 2012 to rank 43rd.